According to the report there will be more attention to the technologic, social and emotional skills including leadership and management, and a moderate shift towards higher cognitive abilities, especially creativity.

In the meantime, there will be a dramatic fall in the need for basic cognitive abilities and for the physical and manual skills.

The automation will accelerate this transformation with the growth in demand for technological skills and this surge will affect demand for basic digital skills, as well as advanced technological skills, such as programming.

In three countries, France, germany and the UK, the share of physical and manual skills in the economy will decline by 2030.

In the long term, the employment impact of robotics, AI, and automation may be neutral, as new types of work, new markets, and new businesses proliferate – as happened with ecommerce and mobility. But the short- to medium-term future may be far more difficult to navigate, and these challenges will coincide with other socio-economic effects.


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