Mechanics has always been the driving force of Italian industry. With a total turnover of over 46 billions euro, for more than 210 thousands employees (*), mechanics is confirmed as the flagship of Italian industry, thanks also to the boost given by Industry 4.0, or industrial automation linked to the “digital revolution”.
Among the areas of excellence in the sector we find those of hydraulics and oleodynamics, that we could roughly define as sectors where the use of fluids intervenes (water in the first case, oil in the second) for machines and machinery operation.
Precisely, oleodynamics takes care of the transmission of forces/energy through a fluid (hydraulic oil) under pressure. In an oleodynamic system you must have:
- a generator unit (control unit/hydraulic power unit) in which there is the transformation of mechanical energy into hydraulic energy
- a control group, in which the fluid is conditioned making it take on certain values of pressure and flow, and distributing it where necessary (with the use of distribution organs such as valves, distributors, hydraulic blocks)
- a group of use consisting of actuators of different types.
Cranes, winches, machine tools, presses, agricultural machines, earth-moving machines, are just some of the countless fields of application of oleodynamics, in various sectors (agricultural, mobile, industrial).
The oleodynamics sector is rapidly expanding worldwide thanks to its large capacity to manage considerable power through components with reduced dimensions and weights compared to alternative technologies. Italy occupies a leading role in the European market and is among the top 5 global producers of oleodynamic components.
The main problems of the sector are related to:
- pollution, with the disposal of waste products and the emission of dangerous substances
- all-consuming consumption of electricity.
For this reason a strict monitoring of every phase of the production cycle is essential, through highly qualified staff.
Therefore, what drives the sector are continuous challenges to meet regulatory requirements and business objectives.
(*) source: Anima, Federation of the National Mechanic Industry Associations and related.