Sensors are an interface that, through the application of different technologies, transform a real-world phenomenon into a physical greatness. Thanks to innovations, they are now applicable in every sector, from industry to home automation, and up to infrastructure.
Monitoring the road network, given the peculiarities of the Italian territory, is certainly a fundamental activity and modern sensory could be an excellent support. Thanks to ioT (internet of things) technologies it is not only possible to monitor the state of the structures, but also, through more detailed calculations and analysis, to make consistent and functional forecasts. The diffusion of sensors has also significantly reduced the costs, making this technology easier to apply.
In Italy, there is about 50% of all European tunnels and viaducts are more than 11 thousand just on the motorway network. As the ground is fragile, and many public works lack of maintenance, sensors designed to monitor civil works would be an excellent support, as well as a guarantee of safety for citizens; therefore, Anas is designing an innovative sensor to support the monitoring of bridges and viaducts .
It is estimated that in 2023 approximately $3.38 billion will be intended to monitoring civil works, compared to the current 1.48. Not only Italy is subject to controls, but also America and especially the regions of Pacific Asia will be the real driving force of the sector, where rapid urban development is also linked to higher technological components in countries such as China, India, Japan, as well as Indonesia.