Automatic machines and robotic systems are increasingly present in companies, but also in our everyday life. Data show that, since 2010, the number of robots for industrial use has more than doubled, mainly due to the more advanced countries such as China, South Korea and Taiwan.
Which are the reasons that led this robotic boom?
1. Robotic systems are cheaper than human labor
The cost of the machines has drastically lowered in recent years, falling by about 11% between 2011 and 2016. At the same time, thanks to more advanced technological innovations, their value and resistance have increased considerably. On the other hand, labour costs have risen, compounding the aging of the population and wage rates. Just in China itself, unit labour costs in the manufacturing sector have increased by more than 65% over the past decade
2. Machines have increasing abilities
Artificial Intelligence systems have helped improve machines, which begin to have specific skills like artificial Intelligence to work in their environment and to transmit commands to other robotic systems. As a result, robots are now also used in sectors which are far from traditional industry.
3. Higher manufacturing demand, and thus more robots to produce
Demand for manufactured goods has risen considerably in recent years. As a result, the number of robotic systems used to produce them has increased. China is still at the heart of this trend: the most popular products are consumer electronics, batteries and semiconductors. These sectors are those most characterized by high robot intensity and in China the trend is increasing, given the investments made to become world leader in production. Although the numbers are already very high, the current man/machine ratio in Chinese industry is ten thousand to 68; in South Korea, it is 10 thousand to 631. Therefore, it is clear that the possibilities of implementing robotic systems has wide potential.